A Brief History of Valley Township

Townships were created and defined by the passage of the Land Ordinance of 1785, which laid out a grid work of townships, six miles long by six miles wide, across the frontier that surrounded the Great Lakes, along with the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 which defined the future organization of lands to the north and west of the original 13 states.

Valley Township is one of 1242 Townships in Michigan and is located in the southwest-central section of Allegan County in southwest Michigan. The township officials represent the level of government closest and most aware of resident’s wishes.

The duties that the Township is required to perform are assessment administration, elections administration, and tax collection. The Township also has broad powers to enact and enforce ordinances.

State laws authorize other functions of our township for our residents such as planning and zoning, fire protection, cemeteries, and the authority to enter into agreements with other governmental agencies or contract with the private sector to provide township services. The township also has some authority to control utility franchises and can provide special assessments for private road maintenance and street lights.

Surveyed in 1831, Valley Township was organized as Pine Plains Township in 1850. This included Clyde and Lee Townships, which would later be separated from Pine Plains in 1859. The area northwest of the river was taken from Heath and given to Pine Plains in 1871. This gave it its current borders. The first settlers arrived circa 1837. The road from Allegan to Saugatuck was surveyed circa 1834. This road intersects the township. A post office was installed at Mill Grove but it would later be shut down. On January 1, 1898, Pine Plains became Valley Township. The reasoning was that the name Pine Plains suggested sandy soil and would create little demand for the sale of farm land.

Two hundred and fifty years ago the first residents of what is now Valley Township were the Ottawa and Pottawatomi Indians. During that same period of time, wolves and bears roamed the area. The first “white” man to settle in this area was a man by the name of Bushon. He opened a trading post on the shore of the Kalamazoo River where Lake Allegan is now. As a result of this trading post, settlers came to this area via boats, horses and later by train.

The Pere Marquette Railroad went through Valley Township and there was a train station in Millgrove. There was a second railroad (a narrow gauge) that ran from Allegan to Mill Pond at Swan Creek. It serviced the lumber industry that helped rebuild Chicago after the “Great Fire” of 1871. A high percentage of the lumber that was used to rebuild Chicago came from the Allegan area. The Allegan Dam backed up the Kalamazoo River and eventually formed the current 1,600 acre Lake Allegan. The dam was originally built to produce electricity for this area. Construction of the dam began in 1928, but it did not start to produce electricity until 1935. This dam is still in use today.

Lake Allegan has become a major recreational area and a very desirable lake to build and remodel homes on. It has helped Valley Township to grow at a controlled rate. On the West shoreline of Lake Allegan, there are still foundations of buildings that once made up a P.O.W. camp that housed German prisoners during World War II. This camp was in use until the end of the war. It is interesting to note that the prisoners thought the camp was located on Lake Michigan and that they could escape by swimming to Chicago.

From Appendix A, Valley Township Master Plan 2009

Valley Township Hall


Valley Township has a total area of 93.2km2 or 36mi2. 85.3km2 (23.5mi2) of it is land and 7.9km2 (3 mi2) is water. The total area is 8.45% water. As of the 2010 census, Valley Township had a population of 2,018 with 767 Households

The German POW camps of Michigan during WWII

The German POW camp in Allegan Michigan

Last Update: May 22, 2024 2:02 PM - ©Valley Township, Allegan County, Michigan, USA